Forbearance and Compulsion – Contents

duckworth3.jpgMaijastina Kahlos, Forbearance and Compulsion. Rhetoric of Tolerance and Intolerance in Late Antiquity, Duckworth: London, 2009.


1. Introduction
1.1. The monopoly of pluralism
1.2. Tolerance, moderation, forbearance and acceptance

2. Articulating Forbearance and Compulsion before 250
2.1. The limits of Greek and Roman forbearance
2.2. Kalokagathia and the Jews in the Roman world
2.3. The Christians and libertas religionis
2.4. Being a good Roman: loyalty and non-conformity

3. The Third Century
3.1. Towards the religious unity of the empire
3.2. Lobbying against Christians
3.3. Christian writers on forbearance

4. From Constantine to Constantius II
4.1. Religious liberty and concord: Licinius and Constantine
4.2. Imperial rhetoric: Constantine’s sons
4.3. From persecuted to prophets of persecution
4.4. Moderate voices

5. From Julian to Valentinian I
5.1. Changing tides
5.2. Reactions to changing tides

6. From Gratian to Theodosius I
6.1. Gratian, Valentinian II and Theodosius I: striving for
religious unity
6.2. Libanius and Symmachus: the eloquent appeals
6.3. The refutation of plurality

7. After Theodosius I
7.1. Honorius, Arcadius and Theodosius II: towards unity
7.2. The authorization of oppression and compulsion
7.3. Augustine and religious compulsion
7.4. The debate between non-conformists and lobbyists

8. Towards a World of One Alternative ?


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